What is Dravet Syndrome?
- Dravet Syndrome is a genetic disorder of Chromosome 2 usually affecting a gene called SCN1A, causing epilepsy and other neurological and developmental problems. Dravet Syndrome accounts for 1% of the epilepsy population
- The condition gets its name from the doctor who first recognised and described it - Dr. Charlotte Dravet
What Does it look like?
- Seizures starting in infancy
- Multiple seizure types
- Developmental delays emerging in early childhood
- Motor and behavioural disorders increasing with age
How Common is it?
- 1 in 30,000 people worldwide are born with Dravet Sybndreome
- About 1000 in Canada will have Drave Syndreom, but many will be undiagnosed
Why did it happen?
- Genetic disorders occur at the point of conception and nothing the mother or father did could have caused it or prevented it from happening.
- 5% of cases are inherited
- 95% cases are completely random
What are the Comorbidities?
- Autonomic dysfunction
- Autistic traits
- Attention deficit and hyperactivity
- Ataxia (unsteadiness)
- Orthopedic conditions
- Sleep disturbances
Who does it affect?
- It affects males and females equally
- It is present in all nationalities, races and ethnic groups
Can it be treated?
- Dravet Syndrome is a lifelong disorder
- Anti-epilepsy medications and special diets can reduce the seizures
- Speech therapy, physiotherapy and occupational therapy can alleviate some of the symptoms
- Scientists are researching new medications and treatments, and gaining greater understanding of the genetics of Dravet Syndrome