Author Archives: Darryl

The Epilepsy Puzzle: Types, Triggers, and Dispelling Common Myths

January 29, 2024

Epilepsy, a neurological disease characterized by recurrent seizures, has long been shrouded in misconceptions and misunderstandings. Yet, with advancements in medical research and increased awareness, we’re gradually demystifying this condition. In this blog, we delve into the various types of epilepsy, explore its causes, and debunk prevalent myths, aiming to foster a deeper understanding of this complex disorder.

Understanding Epilepsy:

Epilepsy manifests through seizures, which are disruptions in the brain’s electrical activity. These seizures can vary widely in their presentation, duration, and impact on the individual. Broadly categorized into two types—focal and generalized seizures—epilepsy encompasses a spectrum of manifestations.

  1. Focal Seizures: Formerly known as partial seizures, focal seizures originate in a specific region of the brain. Symptoms depend on the affected area and may include altered emotions, twitching, or sensory changes. Focal seizures can be further divided into two subtypes:
    • Focal aware seizures (previously known as simple partial seizures) where consciousness remains intact.
    • Focal impaired awareness seizures (previously known as complex partial seizures) which may involve altered consciousness or confusion.
  2. Generalized Seizures: Generalized seizures involve widespread electrical disturbances across the brain from the outset. These seizures affect both hemispheres of the brain and can cause loss of consciousness and dramatic muscle contractions. Generalized seizures comprise several subtypes:
    • Absence seizures, characterized by brief lapses in awareness often mistaken for daydreaming.
    • Tonic seizures, marked by muscle stiffness.
    • Clonic seizures, characterized by rhythmic jerking movements.
    • Tonic-clonic seizures (formerly known as grand mal seizures), which involve stiffening followed by jerking motions and loss of consciousness.

Common Causes and Risk Factors:

Understanding the causes of epilepsy is crucial for effective management and treatment. While the exact cause remains unknown in many cases, several factors contribute to its development:

  • Genetic predisposition: Individuals with a family history of epilepsy are at a higher risk.
  • Brain injuries: Traumatic brain injuries, strokes, brain tumors, or infections can trigger epilepsy.
  • Developmental disorders: Conditions such as autism or neurofibromatosis increase the likelihood of epilepsy.
  • Infectious diseases: Infections like meningitis or encephalitis can lead to epilepsy.
  • Prenatal factors: Maternal drug use, infections, or oxygen deprivation during birth can increase epilepsy risk in children.

Dispelling Myths and Misconceptions:

Epilepsy has been surrounded by myths and stigma throughout history, leading to social isolation and discrimination for those affected. Let’s debunk some common misconceptions:

  • Myth: Epilepsy is contagious. Fact: Epilepsy is not contagious; it’s a neurological disorder.
  • Myth: Seizures are always violent and life-threatening. Fact: While some seizures can be dramatic, many are brief and manageable.
  • Myth: Epilepsy only affects children. Fact: Epilepsy can affect individuals of all ages and intellectual abilities.
  • Myth: People with epilepsy can’t lead fulfilling lives. Fact: With proper treatment and support, many people with epilepsy live active and fulfilling lives.

Understanding epilepsy involves unraveling its complexities, from the diverse types of seizures to the myriad of underlying causes. By dispelling myths and misconceptions, we pave the way for greater acceptance and support for individuals living with epilepsy. Through continued research, education, and advocacy, we strive for a future where epilepsy is not defined by stigma but by understanding and empowerment.


  1. Fisher, R. S., Acevedo, C., Arzimanoglou, A., Bogacz, A., Cross, J. H., Elger, C. E., … & French, J. A. (2014). ILAE official report: a practical clinical definition of epilepsy. Epilepsia, 55(4), 475-482.
  2. Scheffer, I. E., Berkovic, S., Capovilla, G., Connolly, M. B., French, J., Guilhoto, L., … & Perucca, E. (2017). ILAE classification of the epilepsies: Position paper of the ILAE Commission for Classification and Terminology. Epilepsia, 58(4), 512-521.
  3. Thurman, D. J., Beghi, E., Begley, C. E., Berg, A. T., Buchhalter, J. R., Ding, D., … & Sander, J. W. (2011). Standards for epidemiologic studies and surveillance of epilepsy. Epilepsia, 52, 2-26.
  4. World Health Organization. (2019). Epilepsy: Key facts. Retrieved from

Countdown to 2024: Meet Randy, A Devoted Supporter with a Heartwarming Journey!

December 18, 2023

2023 is almost over! Before the clock strikes midnight, we’re inspired to share the journey of one of our devoted supporters.

Meet Randy. His involvement with Epilepsy Durham Region began serendipitously at a golf tournament fundraiser, where the infectious spirit of our team, donned in their distinctive goofy pants, captured his attention. Following this he sparked a friendly fundraising challenge with his colleague and joined future events. Randy’s commitment grew, leading him to join our EPIC Golf Tournament committee. However, what motivates him extends beyond these events.

Randy insists: “It’s the determination, passion, and commitment that the staff have shown, the genuine sense of community that’s fostered, and hearing the stories of the kids diagnosed with epilepsy and all they go through…for me, that’s what makes supporting Epilepsy Durham Region feel like the right thing to do.”

Do you set New Year’s resolutions? We do! Epilepsy Durham Region has big goals for 2024, but we need your support to reach them. We have a $15,000 goal to meet before 2023 comes to a close. This will help make it possible to:

  • Relaunch PROJECT UPLIFT to enrich mental health wellbeing 
  • Expand the reach of our epilepsy education programs
  • Increase the number of individuals and families served in 2024

Will you join us?

We can make an even bigger difference in our community with you by our side. Help us provide vital support to children and adults living with epilepsy with a donation tonight. Your gift of any amount helps make kids like Kaydance, and her mama Heather, receive the essential and holistic care they need to successfully navigate the healthcare system, safely attend school, and continue to overcome the daily challenges of living with this disease. Together, we can make 2024 a better year for community members like Kaydance, Heather and many others. Are you with us?

Join Randy and others in making a meaningful difference in the lives of families like Kaydance and Heather by donating tonight.


DID YOU KNOW? A $50 donation goes a long way: It’s enough to cover a one on one counselling session and resources to a family to help them better understand living with epilepsy. A $200 donation can provide one school with our epilepsy education training. To donate before midnight, click here!

Heather and Kaydance’s Journey and How Your Generosity Paves the Way for Brighter Tomorrows!

December 18, 2023

Meet Heather and Kaydance. Two of our incredible community members who want to share their story with you. Heather is a single mom of three children, and her middle child, Kaydance was diagnosed with epilepsy at age 3.5. Kaydance’s epilepsy is complex with multiple seizure types; she uses medications, VNS and Deep Brain Stimulation as treatments to lessen the impacts of seizures, but still her seizures are only reduced, not eliminated. Kaydance is now 17 but continues to need a similar level of support and care that she did when she was first diagnosed with the disease 14 years ago.

Kaydance’s favourite activities involve spending time with her mama, helping plant flowers and vegetables in the garden, dressing up as Elsa to go trick-or-treating with her cousin and spending time laughing with her little brother. She loves chicken nuggets, the colours pink and purple, and her favourite place to visit is where the princesses live! A Disney cruise where she met all her favourites: Ariel, Rapunzel, Elsa, and Anna. Heather shares with us that she has done everything she can to advocate and care for Kaydance, and that “anything that’s good for Kaydance is what I’m going to do”. Even as Heather does all she can, she wants others to know that, “children with epilepsy suffer quite immensely.” 

Heather and Kaydance participated in a documentary titled, “Seizing Hope”. More details of their story are shared here:

Despite the many challenges that Heather has faced as a mom and primary caregiver to Kaydance, her face lights up when she shares,Kaydance brings me joy. No matter how much of a hard day I’ve had, and how much she goes through with her struggles, she has a smile on her face every day.”

With Sick Kids Hospital being a far drive away, Heather and Kaydance connected with Epilepsy Durham Region years ago to find epilepsy support in their local community. Heather participates in our Caregiver Support Group, Clinic to Community program, and accesses educational and advocacy support for Kaydance as she navigates challenges with attending school. Heather recounts,

“I’ve always been able to reach out to Epilepsy Durham Region. I appreciate them more than I can say, to be quite honest. As a parent, you feel like you know your child the most, but you always have questions in the back of your head. Am I doing the right thing? After being involved in Epilepsy Durham Region’s educational workshop last year, I even learned things that I didn’t know after dealing with this for 13 years.”  

Without your financial support, we cannot grow our programs and capacity to come alongside more members of our epilepsy community in Durham Region. Heather reflects that without the support she received, she would still be questioning the knowledge and ability of Kaydance’s teachers to care for her at school, and may not even feel comfortable with her attending. Having this confidence has had incredible ripple effects. Now Heather can return to work to support her family. Otherwise, she would need to provide full-time care to her daughter, putting her livelihood in jeopardy.

The stakes are high for our community members, and we need your help to increase our capacity to support more families like Heather and Kaydance who often don’t know where to turn after receiving a life-changing epilepsy diagnosis. We are doing everything we can to serve as many individuals and families as possible, but we need your help.

Kaydance’s story is more than an account of challenges; it’s a testament to the impact of your generosity. Your contributions enable moments of joy in the midst of great challenges, opportunities for growth and connection, increased epilepsy awareness and understanding. These are the building blocks of a hopeful future for Kaydance and others like her. Together, we’re not just supporting individuals with epilepsy; we’re making a way forward for strength, unity, and the promise of brighter tomorrows. Will you help us build a hopeful future for others like Kaydance in 2024?


We need to raise $15,000 before 2023 comes to a close. This will help make it possible for us to provide vital mental health support through Project UPLIFT, expand our epilepsy education and advocacy programs, and increase the number of individuals and families we can dedicate ourselves to serving in the new year. If you haven’t had the chance yet, help us finish the year strong with a special year-end gift.


Champions for Holistic Epilepsy Care: Dr. Florez and You!

December 18, 2023

Dr. Florez is a Colombian doctor trained in neurology at the University of Toronto. He began his medical journey driven by a desire to make a meaningful impact on people’s lives, leading him to a specialization in epilepsy research and practice.

Now he treats patients in Durham Region through the Oshawa Clinic. His commitment extends to community practice, aiming to optimize patient care and education, thereby reducing socioeconomic and mental health harms caused by delays in accessing epilepsy expertise.

Dr. Florez’s collaborative efforts have resulted in the growth of a group of 15 doctors dedicated to a community epileptology practice in the GTA, showcasing a distinctive and impactful initiative in the field.

Dr. Florez enjoys witnessing the positive transformations of patients under his care, particularly when patients share their achievements after overcoming epilepsy-related challenges. “When I tell them ‘well, from now on, I’m only going to follow up with you once a year’…and seeing them succeed in life at the same time that they have been diagnosed with epilepsy brings me a lot of joy.”

He finds fulfillment in the impact made on patients’ lives, observing them earn degrees, pursue careers, build relationships, and start families, demonstrating the immeasurable positive influence of epilepsy management. He also takes pride in challenging traditional norms by proving the effectiveness of community-based epileptology, gaining recognition for his pioneering efforts even within academic circles. Dr. Florez’s commitment to reducing the gap in patient care and advocating for swift referrals reflects a dedication to creating a more efficient and impactful system for epilepsy patients.

Dr. Florez emphasizes the benefits of patients getting involved in community epilepsy organizations, like Epilepsy Durham Region, highlighting the medical and mental health advantages. He notes that patient involvement in our community becomes particularly important when they face challenges such as accessing social programs, accommodations at work or school, or coping with the acceptance of their diagnosis. He insists:

“The medical difference is that involvement with an epilepsy community organization helps to reinforce a patient’s self-management strategies. This set of strategies make a difference in addressing epilepsy and seizure disorders. It’s probably half the key to the success of getting control of the disease. The other half is having a doctor like myself choose the right medication. Let’s say, you don’t have access to work accommodations. You don’t have a support group. You don’t have someone that you can talk to about the diagnosis and you are struggling with depression and anxiety (which is a comorbidity of epilepsy). All those things are detrimental to self-management strategies. So I tell them, for your management, it is important to connect with an organization like Epilepsy Durham Region to help you to actually live out your self-management strategies. That’s where the benefits of community care can be directly linked.”

He recognizes the direct link between patient care and community involvement, highlighting Epilepsy Durham Region’s role in strengthening the coping mechanisms and strategies that contribute significantly to epilepsy management.

Providing holistic support that reinforces successful outcomes for individuals managing epilepsy doesn’t happen without you in our corner. We’re thankful that you’re a part of our team. Together, we can see even more lives changed in 2024.

Will you continue your support and help our clients receive the community care they need to successfully manage their epilepsy diagnosis? 


We have a $15,000 goal to meet before 2023 comes to a close. Click the button above to send a special year-end gift and join us in serving individuals and families impacted by epilepsy now and into the new year. 

Did you know that a gift of $100 can provide a family with resources and access to our Clinic to Community program?

Navigating the Holiday Season with Epilepsy: A Guide to Self-Care and Celebration

December 7, 2023

The holiday season is upon us, bringing with it a whirlwind of emotions that can be both joyous and challenging. For those living with epilepsy, as well as their loved ones and caregivers, the festive season may evoke a range of feelings, from happiness and love to loneliness and anxiety. In the midst of celebrations, it’s crucial to prioritize self-care and manage potential triggers to ensure a safe and enjoyable holiday experience. This blog post offers some thoughtful insights on navigating the holiday season with epilepsy, emphasizing the importance of well-being and meaningful connections.

  1. Prioritize Self-Care: The hustle and bustle of the holidays can be overwhelming, leading to exhaustion and stress. For individuals with epilepsy, lack of sleep and increased stress can exacerbate seizures. Prioritize self-care by getting enough rest and managing stress levels. Remember, taking care of yourself is the first step towards a fulfilling holiday season.

  2. Identify and Manage Triggers: Understanding your seizure triggers is essential during this time. If you’re sensitive to flashing lights or excessive stimuli, be cautious around elaborate Christmas displays. Consider shopping in smaller stores to avoid overwhelming environments. Pacing yourself and being mindful of triggers can contribute to a more comfortable and seizure-free holiday experience.

  3. Embrace the True Spirit of the Holidays: Shift the focus from material goods to the essence of the holiday spirit. Share your time and love with others, emphasizing meaningful connections over extravagant gifts. Reflect on the joy of giving and receiving, fostering a sense of gratitude that transcends material possessions.

  4. Address Mixed Emotions: Mixed emotions are a common part of the holiday season. Take the time to acknowledge and address these feelings. Connect with a trusted friend or counselor to discuss your emotions and create a plan for managing them. Reflect on cherished memories and find ways to celebrate the positive aspects of the season.

  5. Maintain Special Diets: If you follow a special diet for epilepsy, ensure that your dietary needs are met during holiday gatherings. Communicate your requirements to those hosting the event, or consider bringing your own food. Prioritizing your health and well-being includes staying consistent with your dietary regimen.

  6. Stay Committed to Medication: Maintain your regular medication schedule, and bring extra medication if you’re traveling. Having a supply of rescue medicine or a VNS magnet is advisable, especially in case of unexpected changes in travel plans. Share your Seizure Response Plan with trusted companions, ensuring they are aware of necessary precautions.

  7. Be Prepared for Emergencies: Carry essential information with you, including the name and contact details of your healthcare team. Having a plan in place and sharing it with those traveling with you will empower you to manage seizures or clusters effectively, should they occur during the holiday season.

  8. Stay Flexible with Plans: While it’s essential not to let seizures hinder your plans, maintaining flexibility is equally important. Be open to adjusting plans if needed and consider alternative ways to connect with friends and family, such as online gatherings. Prioritize your well-being while adapting to the circumstances.

As the holiday season unfolds, let’s embrace a spirit of compassion, understanding, and self-care. By taking proactive steps to manage epilepsy and prioritizing well-being, individuals and their loved ones can create meaningful and joyful holiday memories.

Epilepsy Durham Region is wishing everyone a safe, happy, and fulfilling holiday season.

Take Your Impact to the Next Level: Join us for Giving Tuesday!

November 21, 2023

This Giving Tuesday Take Your Impact to the Next Level with Us! Enjoy our Announcement Video from our Executive Director, Chelsea Kerstens.

Giving Tuesday is just around the corner, and this year, we at Epilepsy Durham Region are excited to embark on a special mission to expand our education and advocacy efforts, and to grow our circles of support. We invite you to join us in this endeavour and make a real difference in the lives of those affected by epilepsy.

Epilepsy is a disease that affects millions of individuals and families worldwide, and it’s time for us to come together and spread awareness, offer support, and advocate for change.

By inviting just one person to join you in signing up for our newsletter, you can play a crucial role in this important mission. You will immediately receive a FREE shareable educational resource and automatically be entered to WIN an EDR plush dog!

Join us this Giving Tuesday, November 28th. Together we are making waves and creating positive change!

Join Newsletter Community
Donate Today

Breaking the Silence: SUDEP Awareness and Action

October 18, 2023

Every year on October 18th, the global epilepsy community comes together to observe International SUDEP Action Day. This day serves as a reminder of the importance of understanding and addressing Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP). For individuals living with epilepsy and their loved ones, SUDEP can be a source of great concern. In this blog post, we will delve into understanding SUDEP, its prevalence, ways to reduce the risk, and offer support for families and caregivers who may be living in fear.

For a personal story – please take a read here to learn more about how a family has been impacted by SUDEP: Fighting Epilepsy in Memory of Micayla

Understanding SUDEP

SUDEP is a tragic and devastating event where an otherwise healthy individual with epilepsy dies suddenly and without explanation. This occurs usually during or after a seizure, and no other cause of death can be identified through autopsy. While rare, SUDEP is a stark reality for some within the epilepsy community.

Statistics and Prevalence of SUDEP

Though rare, SUDEP is a significant concern. It’s estimated that SUDEP occurs in about 1 in every 1,000 people with epilepsy each year (Harden et. al., 2017). While SUDEP can affect individuals of all ages, it’s more commonly reported in younger individuals, particularly those aged 20-40. The risk of experiencing SUDEP is closely tied to the frequency and control of seizures. Individuals with frequent and uncontrolled seizures face a higher risk, while those with infrequent seizures or well-managed epilepsy have a lower likelihood of experiencing SUDEP.

The presence of additional medical conditions alongside epilepsy can potentially increase the risk of SUDEP. Conditions such as cardiovascular issues or respiratory disorders may contribute to a higher risk profile. These statistics highlight the importance of understanding SUDEP and taking proactive measures to mitigate its risk.

Reducing the Risk of SUDEP

While we cannot eliminate the risk entirely, there are steps that individuals with epilepsy can take to reduce the likelihood of SUDEP:

  1. Medication Adherence: Consistently taking prescribed medications is crucial in managing seizures.
  2. Regular Medical Check-ups: Regular visits to a healthcare provider can help in monitoring seizure activity and making necessary adjustments to treatment plans.
  3. Seizure Diaries and Monitoring Devices: Keeping track of seizures can provide valuable insights for healthcare providers. Additionally, specialized monitoring devices can alert caregivers in the event of a seizure.
  4. Lifestyle Adjustments: Adequate sleep, stress management, and avoiding triggers can contribute to better seizure control.

Support for Families and Caregivers

Living with the fear of SUDEP can be incredibly challenging for families and caregivers. It’s important to seek support and resources to navigate this emotional journey:

  1. Professional Counselling and Therapy: Mental health professionals can offer coping strategies and emotional support.
  2. Support Groups: Connecting with others who are experiencing similar concerns can provide a sense of community and understanding. If you’d like to take part in our support groups, please email to join.
  3. Education and Awareness: Learning more about SUDEP and epilepsy can empower families and caregivers to better support their loved ones.

Resources and Support Organizations

For additional information and support, consider exploring the following resources:

Understanding SUDEP is a critical step in providing the best care and support for individuals living with epilepsy and their families. By being informed, proactive, and seeking the right resources, we can work towards reducing the risk of SUDEP and offering a stronger support network for those who need it most.


  • Hesdorffer, D. C., & Tomson, T. (2011). Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy: potential role of antiepileptic drugs. CNS drugs, 25(5), 421-432.
  • Harden, C., Tomson, T., Gloss, D., Buchhalter, J., Cross, J. H., Donner, E., … & French, J. A. (2017). Practice guideline summary: Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy incidence rates and risk factors: Report of the Guideline Development, Dissemination, and Implementation Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology and the American Epilepsy Society. Neurology, 88(17), 1674-1680.

Ryan’s Walk for Epilepsy

October 11, 2023

Meet Ryan

Ryan has been a dedicated volunteer of Epilepsy Durham Region’s for over a year, and he is committed to helping other individuals like himself to live well with epilepsy and know that they are not alone.

Through his volunteer work, Ryan helped to establish the Durham College Epilepsy Association, where he sits as the student facilitator. He aims to raise public awareness about epilepsy, and ensure that students feel that their school is a safe and inclusive environment for people with epilepsy.

This year, Ryan will be joining Epilepsy Durham Region for the Walk for Epilepsy in partnership with the Durham Community Foundation. Please help to show you support for Ryan below.

“I just want everyone to feel like they belong, and to know that they can do great things. THIS is a space where people with epilepsy can feel that, the way I have.” – Ryan

Join us in supporting Epilepsy Advocate, Ryan, as he walks 5km for people with Epilepsy

Navigating Back to School with Epilepsy: 10 Tips for Parents and Students

September 5, 2023

The beginning of a new school year can be an exciting yet challenging time for both parents and students, especially when epilepsy is part of the equation. As parents and caregivers, ensuring a safe and supportive environment for students with epilepsy requires careful planning and open communication with educators and school staff. Here are 10 valuable tips for parents and students to navigate the back-to-school transition smoothly and make the upcoming academic year a successful one.

  1. Open Communication is Key: When the school year starts, establish open lines of communication with teachers, school nurses, and administrative staff.
    • Inform them about your child’s epilepsy diagnosis, triggers, and any specific needs they might have.
    • Discuss seizure types, signs, and appropriate responses to ensure everyone is well-prepared.
    • Offer resources and training materials about epilepsy to teachers and staff. This can help them better understand the condition and how to respond effectively.
    • Inform the school immediately of any changes in your child’s health or medication regimen.

  2. Create an Epilepsy Action Plan: By creating a well-documented epilepsy action plan, you empower school personnel to respond effectively in case of a seizure and provide your child with a safe and supportive learning environment. This plan is a critical tool in ensuring your child’s health and well-being at school.
    • Begin by working closely with your child’s healthcare provider, such as a neurologist or epileptologist, to create a personalized epilepsy action plan.
    • Describe your child’s specific seizure types, triggers, including any distinctive characteristics and how long they typically last.
    • List all current medications, including names, dosages, and administration schedules. Ensure this information is kept up-to-date.
    • Share emergency contact information, including your contact details, your child’s doctor’s information, and any other relevant contacts.
    • Provide step-by-step instructions on how to respond if your child experiences a seizure. This should include:
      • What to do if a seizure occurs during class or elsewhere on the school premises.
      • Whether or not to administer rescue medications, and if so, detailed instructions on how to do so.
      • When to call 911 or seek immediate medical assistance.
      • How to provide comfort and support during the postictal phase (the period after a seizure).
    • Ask your child’s school administration about a Plan of Care document under the Ontario government’s PPM 161 memorandum

  3. Develop a Seizure Response Team: Identify key individuals who will be responsible for responding to seizures at school. This may include teachers, school nurses, and even fellow students who are aware of your child’s condition and how to offer assistance when needed. Encourage the school to designate a point of contact or liaison for matters related to your child’s epilepsy. This person can help coordinate efforts and ensure that all staff members are aware of your child’s condition.

  4. Educate Teachers and Peers: Arrange an informative session with your child’s classmates and teachers about epilepsy. Demystifying the condition can reduce stigma and foster a more inclusive environment. Use this opportunity to clarify any misconceptions and answer questions.

    The training should cover various aspects, including understanding different types of seizures, knowing when to administer rescue medications (if applicable), and providing comfort and support during and after a seizure. Depending on the age and maturity of students, consider involving peers in the response team. Educate these students about epilepsy and how to offer support and understanding to their classmate during and after a seizure. Learn more about Epilepsy Durham Region’s comprehensive classroom and school staff presentations.

  5. Promote Self-Advocacy: Teach your child about their epilepsy and how to advocate for themselves. Encourage them to communicate their needs to teachers and peers, while also knowing when and how to ask for help if they experience any symptoms or difficulties.

    Promoting self-advocacy empowers students with epilepsy to take an active role in managing their condition and communicating their needs effectively. Here’s a more detailed explanation of why this is important and how to encourage it:
    • Foster open communication between the student and their teachers. Encourage them to discuss their epilepsy, triggers, and any necessary accommodations.
    • Teach them how to express their needs and preferences in a respectful and assertive manner. This includes asking for extra time on assignments, requesting seating away from potential triggers, or explaining their medication schedule.
    • Ensure that the student knows the steps outlined in their epilepsy action plan. Teach them how to communicate these steps to teachers, school nurses, or peers in case of a seizure.
    • Stress the importance of seeking help promptly when needed.

  6. Medication Management: If your child takes epilepsy medications, work with the school staff to ensure they’re administered correctly and on time. Provide clear instructions and any necessary medication, along with emergency contact information.

  7. Prepare for Special Circumstances: Discuss strategies with the school for managing situations such as field trips, physical education classes, and extracurricular activities. Make sure your child’s needs are accommodated during these times as well.

  8. Seizure-Proofing the Environment: Collaborate with the school to create a safe classroom environment. Discuss potential seizure triggers and ensure that any hazardous objects or obstacles are removed. If your child is photosensitive, consider addressing classroom lighting.

  9. Encourage Emotional Support: The emotional well-being of a student with epilepsy is crucial. Offer them a safe space to express their feelings and concerns. Consider connecting them with support groups or counselling services if needed.
    • Provide educational resources about epilepsy for the student and their classmates. A better understanding of epilepsy can lead to more empathy and support from peers.
    • Emotional support is a critical component of a successful transition back to school for students with epilepsy. It helps them manage the psychological and social aspects of living with epilepsy.

  10. Regular Check-ins: Throughout the school year, stay in touch with teachers and school staff to monitor your child’s progress and address any emerging issues. Regular communication ensures that everyone remains informed and can make necessary adjustments if required.
    • Plan and schedule regular meetings between the student, parents or guardians, teachers, and school staff. These meetings can be held monthly, quarterly, or as needed based on the student’s specific situation.
    • Collaborate with teachers to identify areas where additional support or accommodations may be needed.
    • Collaborate with the student to set academic and personal goals for the upcoming months. Encourage them to outline steps they can take to achieve these goals.
    • Keep detailed records of each check-in, including the topics discussed, decisions made, and action items. This documentation helps track progress and ensures accountability.

Navigating back to school with epilepsy requires collaboration, planning, and open communication between parents, students, and school staff. By following these tips and fostering a supportive environment, parents can help their children thrive academically and emotionally while managing their epilepsy. Remember, a well-prepared and educated community can make a significant difference in ensuring the success and well-being of students with epilepsy.

The Ripple Effect: Understanding How Epilepsy Affects the Whole Family

July 9, 2023
Impact of epilepsy on the family

Epilepsy, a neurological disease characterized by recurring seizures, not only impacts the individual diagnosed but also has far-reaching effects on their entire family. From emotional challenges to lifestyle adjustments and financial burdens, the ripple effect of epilepsy extends beyond the person experiencing seizures. In this blog post, we delve into the profound impact epilepsy has on families, shedding light on the often overlooked aspects of this condition.

  1. Emotional Roller Coaster:
    Epilepsy introduces an emotional roller coaster ride for both the person diagnosed and their family members. Seizures can strike at any time, leading to a range of emotions such as fear, worry, and anxiety. Witnessing a loved one experiencing a seizure can be a distressing and traumatic experience, leaving family members feeling helpless and concerned for their well-being. Managing these emotions and providing ongoing support becomes an integral part of their lives.
  1. Constant Vigilance:
    Living with epilepsy requires constant vigilance, and family members often find themselves on high alert. The unpredictability of seizures means that loved ones must always be prepared to provide immediate assistance and ensure a safe environment. This heightened state of alertness can be mentally and emotionally draining, as they are always anticipating and adapting to the needs of their family member with epilepsy.
  1. Lifestyle Adjustments:
    Epilepsy necessitates adjustments in everyday life for the entire family. Triggers that may provoke seizures, such as forgetting to take medication, stress, lack of sleep, flashing lights or certain foods, need to be avoided. Routines may need to be modified to accommodate medical appointments, medication schedules, and potential recovery periods. Additionally, creating a safe and supportive environment becomes paramount, which may involve making changes to the home or considering additional safety precautions. These adjustments require patience, understanding, and flexibility from everyone involved.
  1. Financial Burden:
    The financial implications of epilepsy can be significant for families. Medical expenses, including travel to doctor visits and anti seizure medications, can quickly accumulate. Furthermore, specialized treatments, therapies, and assistive devices may be necessary, all of which can strain a family’s financial resources. Additionally, epilepsy may affect the ability of the person diagnosed to work, leading to a loss of income. Balancing the financial burden while ensuring the best possible care for their loved one with epilepsy becomes a juggling act that families must navigate.
  1. Mental Health Impact:
    Epilepsy has a profound impact on the mental well-being of both the person diagnosed and their family members. Coping with the challenges of epilepsy, such as the fear of seizures, the stress of constant vigilance, and the uncertainty of the condition, can lead to increased levels of stress, anxiety, and depression. Family members may experience feelings of guilt or helplessness, and their own mental health can be compromised as they strive to provide unwavering support. It is essential to prioritize mental well-being and seek professional help when needed, fostering open communication within the family and creating a support network to navigate these challenges together.

Epilepsy is a disorder that reaches far beyond the individual affected, affecting the entire family unit. Understanding the profound impact epilepsy has on families is crucial in fostering empathy, support, and a more inclusive society. By acknowledging the emotional roller coaster, constant vigilance, lifestyle adjustments, financial burden, and mental health challenges faced by families, we can extend a helping hand and create a community that uplifts and supports each other.

If you or someone you know is living with epilepsy or supporting a loved one with epilepsy, remember that you are not alone. Reach out to us at Epilepsy Durham Region, we have a caregiver support group that may be of interest. There are also other epilepsy support groups, healthcare professionals, and online communities to connect with for guidance and resources. Together, we can raise awareness, advocate for affordable healthcare, and provide the understanding and support that families affected by epilepsy truly deserve.